Sleep medicine and Physiological Measurements
What are sleep disorders?
- The main complaints are heavy snoring and stopping breathing for short periods. This is caused by collapse of the upper airways
- Feeling very tired and sleepy in daytime with low work productivity
- Falling asleep when driving which can cause car accidents
- Sleep walking, and even eating and driving during sleep
- Abnormal leg movements during sleep
- Bad dreams and nightmares
- Usually associated with obesity, uncontrollable blood pressure anddiabetes
- Social problems caused by loud snoring and other issues
- Sexual dysfunction which can be treated by treating Sleep Disorder
Diagnosis and treatment:
Diagnosis will require studying several parameter assessments during sleep utilizing the Polysomnography (sleep study device).
In the Canadian Health Centre this is done at home using a small device that can be connected by the patient or by a family member. The following morning the unit is returned and the data is downloaded. This is discussed with the patient and treatment is prescribed. This could be a simple procedure such as changing the sleeping position. Another treatment is the use of a continuous positive airway pressure unit (CPAP). This is a small mask with a pump which measures the patient's breathing pressure and adjusts itself automatically to the optimal pressure. Patients usually feel the difference after a few days’ use.Other treatments especially in children and adults with tongue or jaw malformation may surgical intervention by an ENT surgeon and/or a dentist.